## ArtDoc - an Experimental Archive and a Tool for Artistic Research

Henrik Frisk, Docent and Associate Professor

henrik.frisk@kmh.se

## What is it to document a musical work?

• Record it?
• Describe it?
• Represent it?
• Given the method:
• what is lost?
• what is gained?
• A documentation is a transformation.

### Methods for documentation

• An archived score is relatively easy to represent accurately but is a poor representation of the actual music.
• A recording of a performance is an accurate representation of the sound but a poor representation of the material performance.
• How may a sustainable archive for artistic research and artistic practice be structured such that it avoids the risk that the archiving force hides important aspects of the data?

### In artistic research the material basis of the artistic practice may be both data and result

• Unsatisfying in this context: both aspects are difficult to represent.
• It is necessary to critically examine the relations between artistic practice in music and its possible representations in various forms for archives

## Work models

### A work centered view

• The work is the result and the result is the work. In music this can be the sounding trace, or sometimes just the score, or the media.
• In this case a recording may be a decent documentation.

### A process oriented view

• The putting together of the material is an integral part of the identity of the work.
• A recording of the result misses out on some of the important aspects.

### Open works

• The open work as a concept is part of an aesthetic movement since the 60s (See Umberto Eco, The Open Work)
• The more radical version is the work-in-movement:

It invites us to identify inside the category of open' works a further, more restricted classification of works which can be defined as works in movement', because they characteristically consist of unplanned or physically incomplete structural units.'' (Eco, 1968)

## The problem

### Repetition Repeats all Other Repetitions

Commisioned by and developed in collaboration with Swedish guitarist Stefan Östersjö.

### Repetition Repeats all Other Repetitions

• Has seen at least three distinct versions
• Has been performed > 15 times in America, Europe and Asia
• Has appeared on two different CDs

### The work's identity?

• no such thing as an ultimate performance, or rendering of the work
• the work is a realizable potential
• each performance makes possible a new work and this development is the true nature of the work's identity

### Its documentation?

• How can this incremental process be documented to allow the work-in-movement to continue to move and not just repeat itself?
• Is an archive that archives in order to allow for change possible or even desirable?
• Usually, the point of the archive is to preserve.

### The Archive - The connection class

<Class xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
<cname>Connection</cname>
<parent>Class</parent>
<description>A child class to Document describing
any kind of connection between two nodes within the system.
The id of the connected classes are the references
</description>
<documentation>Documentation for this class</documentation>
<attributes>
<connection-from type="Ref"
refclass="Document"
desc="Connection from"
edit="1" required="1"/>
<connection-to type="Ref"
refclass="Document"
desc="Connection to"
edit="1" required="1"/>
<connection-type type="select"
desc="Type of connection"
edit="1" required="1"/>
</attributes>
</Class>


### Application

Documenting works composed for, or adapted to, the Klangkupolen at KMH in a sustainable manner:

### A scratch on the surface

• The question of how to best document the intense creative forces that digital technology allows for is without doubt one of the important ones in the upcoming decades.
• The question of the archiving force of the archive needs to be taken into account.
• The need to archive can be personal, institutional, political, economical, etc. These different needs are often not in sync.

### Future work

• Make a stable implementation
• Test it in a number of different configurations and for different purposes
• Much more…

Questions?

Henrik Frisk